The Order of Friars Minor - The Franciscans
Since 1982, St. Thomas Aquinas Parish has been administered by members of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans. The words friars minor come from the Latin meaning lesser brothers. Franciscans are part of a mendicant order (as opposed to a monastic order). The central difference being that mendicants are poor and beggars. They do not live in one monastery for life, rather they move around as itinerants where the Church needs them.
The Franciscans are a religious order founded in 1208 by Saint Francis of Assisi and approved by Pope Innocent III in 1209. Francis of Assisi was a poor little man who astounded and inspired the Church by taking the gospel literally—not in a narrow fundamentalist sense, but by actually following all that Jesus said and did, joyfully, without limit and without a mite of self-importance.
Serious illness brought the young Francis to see the emptiness of his frolicking life as leader of Assisi's youth. Prayer—lengthy and difficult—led him to a self-emptying like that of Christ, climaxed by embracing a leper he met on the road. It symbolized his complete obedience to what he had heard in prayer: "Francis! Everything you have loved and desired in the flesh it is your duty to despise and hate, if you wish to know my will. And when you have begun this, all that now seems sweet and lovely to you will become intolerable and bitter, but all that you used to avoid will turn itself to great sweetness and exceeding joy."
From the cross in the neglected field-chapel of San Damiano, Christ told him, "Francis, go out and build up my house, for it is nearly falling down." Francis became the totally poor and humble workman.
He must have suspected a deeper meaning to "build up my house." But he would have been content to be for the rest of his life the poor "nothing" man actually putting brick on brick in abandoned chapels. He gave up every material thing he had, piling even his clothes before his earthly father (who was demanding restitution for Francis' "gifts" to the poor) so that he would be totally free to say, "Our Father in heaven." He was, for a time, considered to be a religious "nut," begging from door to door when he could not get money for his work, bringing sadness or disgust to the hearts of his former friends, ridicule from the unthinking.
But genuineness will tell. A few people began to realize that this man was actually trying to be Christian. He really believed what Jesus said: "Announce the kingdom! Possess no gold or silver or copper in your purses, no traveling bag, no sandals, no staff" (see Luke 9:1-3).
Francis' first rule for his followers was a collection of texts from the Gospels. He had no idea of founding an order, but once it began he protected it and accepted all the legal structures needed to support it. His devotion and loyalty to the Church were absolute and highly exemplary at a time when various movements of reform tended to break the Church's unity.
He was torn between a life devoted entirely to prayer and a life of active preaching of the Good News. He decided in favor of the latter, but always returned to solitude when he could. He wanted to be a missionary in Syria or in Africa, but was prevented by shipwreck and illness in both cases. He did try to convert the sultan of Egypt during the Fifth Crusade.
During the last years of his relatively short life (he died at 44) he was half blind and seriously ill. Two years before his death, he received the stigmata, the real and painful wounds of Christ in his hands, feet and side. Francis is the first known to have received this mystical blessing from Our Lord.
On his deathbed, he said over and over again the last addition to his Canticle of the Sun, "Be praised, O Lord, for our Sister Death." He sang Psalm 141, and at the end asked his superior to have his clothes removed when the last hour came and for permission to expire lying naked on the earth, in imitation of his Lord.
St. Francis died on October 4, 1226. As time passed, the order grew, the only body of equal power being the Dominicans. In addition to their preaching and charitable work, the Franciscans have been noted for their devotion to learning. Before the Reformation in England they held many positions in the universities, prominent among the professors being St. Bonaventure, John Duns Scotus, William of Ockham, and Roger Bacon. The order has produced four popes—Sixtus IV, Julius II, Sixtus V, and Clement XIV.
Francis is perhaps the most popular saint in the world and many people have tremendous devotion to him. He was canonized in1228.
The Franciscans were the first religious to touch ground in America as they joined Christopher Columbus on his first voyage to the New World. The first convents in America were established by Franciscans, at Santo Domingo and La Vega in what is now the Dominican Republic. While Franciscans from Spain gradually spread through the southern part of the New World as far as the Pacific Ocean, the French friars, who had arrived in Canada in 1615, at the behest of the French explorer Samuel de Champlain, set up missions throughout the north. Today the Franciscans conduct a university and five colleges in the U.S., and a seminary, in Allegheny, New York. They also engage in regular parish work, as well as mission work among the Native Americans.
The organizational structure of the Franciscans break down into units known as Provinces. The friars who minister here at St. Thomas are members of the Province of the Immaculate Conception of Mary. The Immaculate Conception Province covers New England, New York, parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia and Florida, as well as Toronto, Canada. They also have missions established in Central America - primarily in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala.
The friars of the Immaculate Conception Province engage in a variety of ministries including: parish ministry, retreat ministry, ministry to the African-American family, mission work, counseling, AIDS Ministry, teaching - whatever God calls them to do for the greater glory of God.
If you are curious about how someone becomes a Franciscan, visit our Vocation Office website at: www.franciscanvoc.org. If you'd like to find out more about the Francisans worldwide visit: www.ofm.org.
To see a video of Franciscan life click here: Sowing the Seeds of Love.